CONSUMER PROTECTION ACT, 1986: DECODED

Overview The consumer protection laws aim to safeguard interest of consumers it protects them from being cheated and victimized by sub standard goods. Evolution of consumer protection laws has changed the prevailing common law rule caveat emptor which means buyer beware to caveat venditor. The Consumer Protection Act, 1986 (hereinafter referred as COPRA) was the first general consumer protection law enforced in India covering all kinds of goods and services. The Act came into force on December 24 1986 which […]

STATUTORY PRESUMPTIONS & CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS: AN ANALYSIS

INTRODUCTION As per the Statutory mandate under the Indian Evidence Act, courts can draw two kinds of presumption i.e., presumption of law and presumption of fact. A presumption is a rule of law that courts or juries shall or may draw a particular inference from a particular fact or from particular evidence, unless and until the truth of such inference is disproved. The Indian Law recognizes presumption of two kinds, presumption of law and presumption of fact. A statutory presumption […]