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The staggering growth in the human population throughout tiger range countries means less space for the tiger and the depletion of its prey forcing it into conflict with humans. Tiger habitat is being overtaken by agricultural land, timber cutting, access routes, human settlement and hydroelectric dams – all of which have contributed to a 93% loss of the historic tiger range over the last 100 years. All of this is creating small pockets of land in which tigers now live which are surrounded by rapidly increasing human populations. Isolated tiger populations can cause inbreeding which leads to a reduction in genetic diversity. To help remedy this, wildlife corridors are being built, linking the isolated areas and allowing the movement of wildlife. As tigers wander, trying to find new habitats, they often come into contact with humans which can lead to conflict. Depletion of the tiger’s natural prey will often cause tigers to hunt domestic livestock, another cause for conflict.

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